Bareno is persistent, high yielding and very palatable. Paddocks of Bareno are assets in a dryland farm system as they persist much better than perennial ryegrass, tolerating dry conditions and hard grazing.
Bareno is quite different to other bromes, and is more flexible in its management. It is more persistent than prairie grass, and can tolerate both rotational grazing and set stocking. It should be noted that the persistence of Bareno may decline north of Taupo, therefore it is not as suited to northern North Island areas.
A strong feature of Bareno is its palatability through all seasons:
It remains palatable, even when seed heads are present, and stays greener and leafier than ryegrass in summer.
- Bareno can support a high legume content (40% sub and white clover has been measured in spring).
On Lincoln University’s Silverwood Farm, a dryland breeding property in inland Canterbury, Bareno produced 12.5 t DM/ha/year, 9% more than new sowings of perennial ryegrass (11.5 t DM/ha), with excellent spring, summer and autumn growth.
Brome grasses are slower to establish than ryegrass, so make sure to:
- Sow when warm - soil temperature 12°C+.
- Prepare a good seedbed, preferably using a summer fallow.
Brome grasses are slower to establish than ryegrass. If you spend a little extra time on correct sowing and early management, you'll be rewarded with good results.
A summer fallow prior to late summer/early autumn sowing is the recommended best practice to establish Bareno pasture in dry areas. This allows moisture to be carried from the spring through to sowing, ensuring good results even in a dry autumn. Prepare a run-out paddock by spraying out or cultivating in spring (Oct/Nov) before pastures dry out. If there is a further weed strike, spray or cultivate lightly again before drilling.
If cultivating, prepare a fine, well compacted, weed-free seed bed to allow correct seed depth and soil moisture retention for fast germination. Direct drilling has proven to be very successful. This fits well with summer fallow management.
Bareno is best sown when soil temperatures are above 12oC, during late summer or early autumn. This gives plants time to adequately establish before winter.
Establishment is much slower in cool conditions.
Sow seed shallow, at 10-20 mm. Take care when drilling - the seed may not flow well through some drills.
Bareno should not be overgrazed in its first year to allow plants to fully establish. Bareno can set seed quickly, however seed heads are much more palatable than those of other pasture grasses.
In dry summer conditions, Bareno pastures should not be bared out (although they will tolerate this better than ryegrass). Post-grazing covers of 3-4 cm will ensure persistence and regrowth through summer. Remember the plant's reserves in grasses are above the ground (not in the roots).